FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney

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FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney
FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney FDRE Proclamation 2014 pdf

Investigating the Ethiopian & French Criminal Justice Systems

Have you ever wondered how criminal justice systems compare in different countries? In this blog, the writer is trying to compare Ethiopian & French criminal justice system. We will look closely at their laws, regulations, and procedures, paying special attention to the differences in implementation.
We will also explore the social and cultural aspects of the two countries that shape their criminal justice systems. By better understanding these nuances, we can gain an appreciation for how and why each system works the way it does. From language barriers to historical contexts, there are many factors that contribute to the vast differences in criminal justice systems between these two countries.

Have you ever wondered how criminal justice systems compare in different countries? In this blog, the writer is trying to compare Ethiopian & French criminal justice system. We will look closely at their laws, regulations, and procedures, paying special attention to the differences in implementation.

By delving into these topics, we can gain a new perspective on global law and its implications for our own legal system. Join us as we investigate the Ethiopian and French criminal justice systems! FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney FDRE Proclamation 2014 pdf

Overview of FDRE Proclamation in Ethiopia

When it comes to Ethiopia’s criminal justice system, one of the most important documents to know is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia’s (FDRE) Proclamation. This proclamation outlines the basic principles which govern the legal system in Ethiopia. It sets out the rights and obligations of citizens, with respect to both civil and criminal law. It also outlines the roles of both state and federal prosecutors and courts, as well as procedures for filing charges and carrying out trials.

In very general terms, Ethiopia’s criminal legal system is based on a “mixed” system, which combines elements of common law and civil law systems. This means that it follows principles established by case law (common law) as established by judges through court rulings, alongside the African tradition of oral argumentation. The prosecutor’s role is relatively limited in comparison with other systems such as France’s, where they have much more authority over proceedings.

Ultimately, Ethiopian criminal justice is an evolving process that seeks to balance traditional African methods with modern legal standards. It has been criticized in some quarters for being overly complex due to its hybrid origin, however improvements are currently being made in order to streamline proceedings and make them more efficient for everyone involved. FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney FDRE Proclamation 2014 pdf

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Criminal Justice System in France

When it comes to the criminal justice system, France and Ethiopia have distinct differences. In France, the criminal court process begins with an investigation by a judge or prosecutor. During this phase, the court will gather evidence and testimony related to the case. The French Constitution guarantees a defendant’s right to a fair trial, including the right to confront witnesses and present evidence in their defense.

Once evidence is collected, a hearing is held in which prosecutors present their case and the defense may present its own arguments if it wishes. If both sides agree, then a plea bargain may be reached. If not, the case goes before a jury for decision. The sentence can range from probation or home confinement to prison time depending on the severity of the crime and other factors. An appeals process is also available for those who wish to challenge their sentence in court. FDRE PProclamation 2014 PDF Jimmaa Attorney FDRE Proclamation 2014 pdf

Comparing Sentencing and Punishment

When it comes to sentencing, the Ethiopian and French criminal justice systems could not be more different. In Ethiopia, the emphasis is on rehabilitation, while the French system is focused on retribution.

In Ethiopia, the primary purpose of sentencing is to rehabilitate offenders and help them become good citizens again. Sentences may include a range of options such as community service, counseling or education rather than imprisonment.

In France, sentences are much harsher and focus more on punishing offenders for their crimes. Penalties range from fines to prison sentences and can also include time in prison camps for repeat offenders. The primary goal of punishment in France is to deter others from committing similar crimes in the future.

Civil & Administrative Law Enforcement in Ethiopia & France

Civil and administrative laws enforcement differ greatly between Ethiopia and France. In Ethiopia, civil law enforcement is handled by the court system. While administrative law enforcement is handled by the Federal government.

This means that if someone has a problem with a government agency such as the Ministry of Revenue or Social Security. they must take it to court in order to find resolution. In France, however, civil and administrative law enforcement are administered by separate government agencies.

For example, France has an independent body called `La Commission des Litiges’ which handles disputes between the citizens and state bodies without recourse to the courts. This allows for a much more streamlined process for resolving any disputes that arise between citizens and state-run agencies.

In addition, both countries have different approaches to policing as well. While France relies on its Gendarmerie Nationale as its main law enforcement agency, Ethiopia focuses on local police forces which handle most everyday criminal activities within their jurisdiction.

Overall, the differences in civil and administrative law enforcement between Ethiopia and France are significant and serve to highlight how each country’s approach to justice impacts its citizens in different ways.

Level of Criminal Defendants’ Protection and Rights

The scale of criminal defendants’ protection and rights between Ethiopia and France differs greatly. As established in French law, criminal defendants enjoy certain procedural rights, such as:

In Ethiopia, however, defendants’ rights are far less expansive. Due to overburdened courts, a lack of legal representation is commonplace. Furthermore, the country does not recognize the judicial principle of in dubio pro reo—which is used in France—meaning suspects are rarely released on bail.

Nevertheless, in recent times Ethiopia has been slowly broadening the scope of civil liberties available to its citizens. It has taken steps towards providing fair trials for its citizens through its Constitutional Court ruling that evidence obtained through torture is inadmissible in court. This measure has reduced incidents of false confessions from suspects unlawfully coerced into submission by Ethiopian police forces.

Evaluation of Criminal Legal System in Both Countries

While there is much to learn from the two criminal legal systems, it is important to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses. Ethiopia and France have different approaches to crime and punishment, with distinct advantages and disadvantages.


In Ethiopia, the criminal justice system is heavily focused on retribution and deterrence, as evidenced by its strict punishment policies. However, this approach can come at the expense of rehabilitation efforts; in some cases, minor offenses are met with harsh penalties that fail to address the underlying causes of crime. Additionally, while there have been attempts at reform in recent years, a lack of resources has made it difficult to implement real change in the legal system.


At the other end of the spectrum is France’s system of criminal justice, which emphasizes rehabilitation over retribution. This makes sense given its population’s belief in restorative justice – a concept that promotes repairing relationships between victims and offenders. Additionally, French courts typically opt for lesser punishments instead of incarceration in an effort to rehabilitate offenders rather than punish them.

However, there are still some shortcomings in France’s approach; for instance, its emphasis on rehabilitation can lead to leniency for repeat offenders or those who commit serious crimes. Additionally, due to its complex laws and bureaucratic structure, justice can be slow-moving and inefficient when dealing with more serious crimes.


In conclusion, it is clear that the criminal justice systems of Ethiopia and France represent two very different approaches to addressing offender accountability and legal restitution. Ethiopia’s criminal justice system is based on the principle of retribution, a system that has been enshrined in the country’s constitution. On the other hand, France has adopted a more progressive approach to criminal justice, relying on the notion of rehabilitation and long-term supervision of offenders. While both countries differ significantly in the way they approach criminal justice, they are both committed to achieving a fairer and more equitable society. Through these two examples, it is clear that justice can be served in many different ways, and that the right approach depends on each country’s unique context and culture.

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